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Reducing shrinkage porosity for enhanced ductile iron quality

LAMET™ Nodularizer and ULTRASEED™ Ce Inoculant

Optimising chemistry, temperature and sand conditions can help to reduce shrinkage porosity, but the use of prime quality MgFeSi alloys and inoculants is also crucial.

A foundry was having difficulty in producing calipers free from porosity in the area furthest from the live risers. They were using a MgFeSi nodulariser with 6% Mg and 1.5% Rare Earths. Inoculation was with a calcium/barium containing FeSi.

The alloy system was changed to a LAMET™ nodularizer containing only lanthanum as the RE source, and the inoculant was changed to ULTRASEED™ Ce product.

LAMET™ nodulariser is proven to reduce shrinkage, and in combination with ULTRASEED™ Ce inoculant provides the maximum graphite expansion during solidification to counter shrinkage in ductile iron components.

Micro shrinkage porosity
Micro shrinkage porosity

The picture shows micro-shrinkage porosity attributed to poor selection of treatment alloys. Correct selection of alloys reduces shrinkage and produces castings which are acceptable to the end-user.

Safety-critical ductile iron components, such as brake calipers, must have very low levels of porosity.

6% Mg, 1% RE with CaBa inoculant
6% Mg, 1% RE with CaBa inoculant
LAMET™ with ULTRASEED™ Ce inoculant
LAMET™ with ULTRASEED™ Ce inoculant

LAMET™ nodularizer is renowned for promoting a high nodule number and generating new nodules during the solidification process. This continual growth of graphite provides an expansion effect which counters the natural shrinkage of the iron and thus reduces the incidence of shrinkage porosity. ULTRASEED™ Ce inoculant has been designed to provide new nucleation sites during solidification. The combination of LAMET™ nodularizer and ULTRASEED™ Ce inoculant is particularly powerful in the fight against shrinkage.

Elkem’s experienced technical staff can help you understand shrinkage mechanisms and find cost-effective solutions.


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